Danish Brigade in Sweden

The Danish Brigade arrives in Helsingør, 5 May 1945
By Unknown author – http://alternate-timelines.proboards.com/thread/762/operation-danmark-save-denmark-1945, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53949936

I was cruising around the Internet the other day, using Mr Google* extensively, looking for something or other and in the usual way of things, I stumbled across something I was not looking for. This time it was the Danish Brigade. It started with me stumbling across the Danish Brigade in Sweden on Wikipedia, which discussed the formation of the Danish Brigade.

The Swedish Government (in either 1943 or 1944, I have not been able to find clear information on that, in English, Swedish or Danish) granted permission to form a Danish Corps in Sweden for action in Denmark, to relieve the country from German occupation. In the spring of 1945, Germany was reeling with the Soviets and allies pressing from the east and with the Allies pushing from the west. With that pressure, the Germans were redeploying divisions to both shore up the eastern and western fronts. It was felt the time was good for the Danish Corp to move firstly on Copenhagen and then eventually to liberate Denmark entirely.

When the Germans had overrun Denmark, many of the smaller naval vessels had escaped scuttling by making the run to neutral Sweden. They formed the basis of the Danish Flotilla.

Flotilla Leader, HDMS Havkatten in Copenhagen
By Unknown author – http://samlinger.natmus.dk/FHM/22287, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53949423

The Danish Flotilla was a collection of 13 of those smaller naval vessels.

Kommandørkaptajn F. H. Kjølsen had served as the naval attaché in Berlin previously and he later acted as the head of the Maritime Department to ensure that the flotilla would play a role in the return to Denmark of the Danish Corps.

Crews were retrained as the first priority for the Danish Flotilla, and a camp, Sofielund, was set up in Småland. It started operations in early February 1944. Three further camps were set up at Sätrabrunn and Hätunaholm near Stockholm, and Ronneby in Blekinge.

The naval crews received their final training at Sätrabrunn camp in the Spring of 1944.

In the meantime the land forces and volunteers were also being trained and armed in Sweden, presumably by a mix of Danish and Swedish officers and NCOs. Equipment was certainly provided by the Swedes.

Possible World War 2 variation. Never made it into combat but were ready for the liberation of Denmark so a good what-if scenario can come from here. A variation for D-Day 🙂

References:

Danish Brigade in Sweden – Wikipedia
Google Search for HDMS Havkatten
Naval Encyclopedia – details of Danish Fleet
Danish Corps Establishment in Sweden – Google Search
The prelude to April 9th by Commander Captain F.H. Kjølse in the Danish Archive (arkivdk – skrevet på dansk) – written in Danish
Advarslerne – in Danish but covering the period and preceding years

Note that the works in Danish is passed through Google Translate render reasonably well in English after translation.


* or Ms Google … he/she is one or the other

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2 thoughts on “Danish Brigade in Sweden

  1. Pete S/ SP 10 January 2021 / 7:37 am

    Interesting find- be interested if you can come up with anymore on them.

    Cheers,

    Pete.

    Like

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