The AMX-13 light tank is a French designed and built light tank with a production run from 1952 to 1987. In the French Army it was referred to as the Char 13t-75 Modèle 51. It was named after its initial weight of 13 tonnes and was a tough and reliable air-portable chassis. It was exported to more than 25 other nations. The AMX-13 was fitted with an oscillating turret built by GIAT Industries with revolver type magazines, which were also used on the Austrian SK-105 Kürassier. There are over a hundred variants including self-propelled guns, anti-aircraft systems, APCs, and ATGM versions.
The turret was to the back of the vehicle, with the engine the full length of the vehicle, driver on the other side. Total crew of three. The gun was aimed by rotating the elevating the turret to the target.
Guy Gibeau, Peter Lau, and M. P. Robinson have out together a complete pictorial history of the AMX-13 which is released as:
The AMX 13 Light Tank – A Complete History
Imprint: Pen & Sword Military
Series: Images of War
Published: 12th December 2018
The book covers the origins of the AMX-13 and its design and funding then looks at the various builds and marks as well as the export and second hand sales versions of the vehicle (for example, Peter Lau covers the Singapore Army’s AMX-13 that were acquired from Switzerland (150); India (150); and Israel (40).
The AMX -13 is currently deployed by:
- Argentina: 58 AMX-13/105,24 AMX-VCI, 24 AMX F3 155mm and 2 AMX-13 PDP armoured bridge-layers
- Ecuador: 108 AMX-13/105s
- Indonesia: From the total of 275 only 120+ AMX-13/105 are still in service as 2018. Scheduled for replacement by the PT Pindad Harimau jointly developed by Indonesia and Turkey.
- Morocco: 120 AMX-13/75s and 4 AMX-13 CD armoured recovery vehicles; 5 operational.
- Peru: 108 tanks; 30 AMX-13/75s and 78 AMX-13/105s
- Venezuela: 67 AMX-13s; 36 AMX-13/75s and 31 AMX-13/90s
AMX-13 former operators:
- Algeria: 44 AMX-13/75s
- Austria: 72 AMX-13/75s and 3 AMX-13 CD armoured recovery vehicles
- Belgium: 555 AMX-13s
- Cambodia: 20 AMX-13/75s
- Côte d’Ivoire: 5 AMX-13/75s
- Djibouti: 60 AMX-13/90s
- Dominican Republic: 15 AMX-13/75s
- Egypt: 20 AMX-13/75s
- France: 4,300 (of all types)
- Guatemala: 8 AMX-13/75s
- India: 164 AMX-13/75s
- Israel: 400 AMX-13/75s
- Lebanon: 75 tanks; 42 AMX-13/75s, 13 AMX-13/90s and 22 AMX-13/105s
- Nepal: 56 AMX-13/75s
- Netherlands: 131 AMX-13/105s, as AMX-13 PRLTTK (Pantserrups Lichte Tank) and 34 AMX-13 PRB (Pantserrups Berging) armoured recovery vehicles
- Singapore: 340 second-hand AMX-13/75s
- South Vietnam: 4 AMX-13 CD armoured recovery vehicles
- Switzerland: 200 AMX-13/75s
- Tunisia: 30 AMX-13/75s
The versatility of the tank is apparent from its multiple combat roles, being used as light tank, reconnaissance vehicle, self-propelled artillery platform, ATGM platform among others.
The book contains the following chapters:
- Design, Funding and Production
- AMX13 Mle 51 Production Series
- Rebuilds and Upgrades
- The AMX13 Enters Service
- The AMX13 FL-11 and AMX-US
- The AMX13 Mle 58
- Division 1959
- The AMX13 SS-11
- The AMX13 C90
- The Division 1967
- Derivatives of the AMX 13
- The AMX13 as an Export Success
- Modernising the AMX13
- The AMX13 Mle 51 as a Combat Vehicle
The vehicle saw combat in the following wars:
- Suez Crisis
- Algerian War
- Sand War
- 1958 Lebanon crisis
- Vietnam War
- Cambodian Civil War
- Dominican Civil War
- Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
- Six-Day War
- Western Sahara War
- Lebanese Civil War
- Guatemalan Civil War
There were 7,700 vehicles built of which 3,400 were exported.
As we have come to expect with then Images at War series, there are a plethora of photographs of the vehicle at various times and in various roles.
I have always liked the lines of the modern French AFVs, the AMX30; the Leclerc; but the AMX13 is one of my all-time favourite vehicles. This is a recommended work for modern tank modellers and enthusiasts, military historians with an interest in modern AFVs and wargamers wanting background and weapon information on AFVs of the recent past – the last half of the 20th Century.
Available from Pen and Sword Books – the link is: